Research into the use of peptides is still relatively new. However, these smaller versions of proteins have already indicated that they could provide many different benefits when it comes to medical research.
Taking a look at what peptides are is important. It helps to give a better understanding of how they are used in the body. It also helps to provide a betting understanding of why they are so useful to medical research.
What are peptides?
Peptides are very similar to proteins but they are a lot smaller. Amino acids are the building blocks that create both proteins and peptides. In peptides, the string of amino acids is always short. There are usually between 2 and 50 amino acids in the string. If a peptide is made up from a string that contains 10 or more amino acids, it’s often referred to as a polypeptide. Proteins are made from strings that contain many more amino acids.
The advantages of using Peptides
The main reason to buy peptides for research purposes is that their size presents some potential notable benefits. These benefits are increased by the loose structure of peptides. This loose structure is the result of the fact that the short string of amino acids does not fold up into complex structures as the strings in proteins do.
The combination of small size and loose structure in peptides means that they are able to get through relatively small spaces. For example, this means that they are able to penetrate the skin and the walls of the intestines. This is potentially a massive advantage as it means they can enter the bloodstream quickly, and get to where they are needed. In addition, less complex peptides can be easier to produce in a medical environment than proteins.
Research into the benefits of peptides
Even in these relatively early days of medical research into peptides, some potential benefits have been identified. These potential benefits include the reduction of blood pressure, the reduction of inflammation, the killing of microbes, the prevention of blood clots and the improvement of the immune system. Scientists are still in the process of studying peptides in order to define the benefits and potential side effects that they exhibit.
Potential side effects of peptides
Medical research has identified some potential side effects of peptides. These potential side effects include joint pain, kidney pain and high blood pressure. More research is needed to investigate these potential issues.
The Future of Peptides in medical research
The study of peptides has not been taking place for a long period of time. This means that scientists continue to make new discoveries on a regular basis. They are starting to get a better understanding of how to isolate peptides, study them and produce them. For this reason it’s really only the start of understanding just how important peptides are, in medical research. There is the potential to discover many more benefits of peptides as research continues. They are certainly likely to be an important feature of medical research for the foreseeable future.